It is a progressive and continuous (chronic) disease that often occurs over the age of 50. It occurs 1 in 100 people around the age of 60. In the brain, the nerve cells responsible for our movements produce, store and secrete a chemical called dopamine. Dopamine allows nerve cells to communicate with each other, and thus movements are performed in order. Parkinson's disease occurs as a result of damage to dopamine-producing nerve cells and the inability to make enough dopamine.
There are four main signs of Parkinson's disease:
Tremor at rest: it is the most common symptom of Parkinson's disease and the first to occur in 80% of patients. It is the tremor that occurs in the hand or standing while making no movement. It Dec decisively begins in one hand, becomes continuous over time, while at the beginning it is intermediate, and passes into the other hand. It increases when you get excited, when you get angry, when you walk; it disappears when you sleep and do business with that limb.
Slowing down movements: the start of movement is delayed and the time to make the movement is extended. A slowdown in movements is felt when doing their daily work, such as getting up from where they sit, turning in bed, walking, eating, wearing clothes. As the duration of the disease increases, the slowdown in movements also increases, and the patient may become unable to do their daily work.
Stiffness in the muscles: stiffness in the muscles of the arm, leg, torso, neck is a state of rigidity. There is a constant state of resistance to movement. It's mostly one-sided, then it goes to the other side.
Balance disorder: This is a late finding in the later stages of the disease. It tends to fall when the patient retreats.
Other findings seen alongside the main findings:
Small steps, slow walking
Forward tilt at the top of the neck and torso
Don't walk without waving your arms
Shrinking and slowing of writing
Decrease in facial expressions, decrease in facial expression
Loss of accents when talking, always in the same tone, hoarse voice and slow speech
Difficulty swallowing and drool from the mouth
Excessive lubrication on face and hair bottoms
Pain, burning, aches in the arm or leg, muscles, joints
Frequent and vivid dreams
Sadness, distress, memory loss
It is impossible to completely eliminate Parkinson's disease. The aim of treatment is to control the symptoms that disrupt the patient's daily life and to enable the patient to live without the help of someone else. In treatment, a drug form of a substance called dopamine, which is made in small amounts in nerve cells, or drugs that have similar effects to dopamine, are used. "Do I have Parkinson's?"If you are concerned, pay attention to these findings.
If a hand or foot has chills at rest,
If you feel stiffness, stiffness on one side of your body, especially in your arm or leg,
If you notice that your movements are gradually slowing down,
If you are walking in forward, slow and small steps, without waving one or two arms,
If your speech has slowed down or become monotonous,
If your facial expressions have decreased,
If your writing has shrunk and broken.