Muscle spasms or muscle cramps are painful contractions and tensions of muscles. Muscle spasms are common, occur involuntarily, and are unpredictable. Although there are steps that can be taken to prevent a muscle spasm and treat it when it occurs, these methods may not always work. Things like muscle relaxants, stretching, and massage will likely help.
Spasms, also known as muscle cramps, occur when the muscle contracts involuntarily, forcefully and uncontrollably and cannot relax. This condition is very common and can affect any muscle. Muscle spasms can affect part of a muscle, all of it, or several muscles in a group. The most common places where muscle spasms occur are; thighs, calves, feet, hands, arms and abdomen. This type of cramps, especially in the calves, is called "charley horse".
The intensity of muscle spasms can be seen as mild or uncomfortable twitching, or as severe pain that causes discomfort. When the contracted muscle is touched, it may feel stiffer than normal and/or appear visibly deformed and may even twitch. Spasms generally last from seconds to 15 minutes, sometimes even longer, and may recur many times before disappearing completely.
There is no pill or injection that instantly relieves muscle spasms. Therefore, the best thing to do is to stretch and massage the affected muscle. If the spasm is in the leg, it may be good to get up and walk around. Hot applications such as taking an ice or warm bath or using a thermophore can be tried.
In some cases, a muscle spasm can be prevented or stopped before it occurs.
Muscle spasms can happen to anyone at any time. Person; Whether old or young, sedentary or active, everyone can develop muscle spasms. Spasms; It may occur while walking, sitting, doing any exercise or sleeping. Some people are more prone to muscle spasms and experience them regularly with any physical exertion.
Muscle spasms are quite common. It can happen to anyone and is very normal.
“Idiopathic” means that the exact cause is unknown, and this is exactly the case with muscle spasms. Some experts believe that in most cases, one of the following may be responsible for muscle spasm.
Possible causes of leg cramps, especially at night, include:
Muscle spasms can be excruciatingly painful. A twitch may appear under the skin and touching it may cause discomfort. Spasms are involuntary. Muscles contract and require treatment and time to relax. Spasms are very common, especially in older people and athletes.
If muscle spasms are severe, occur frequently, do not respond well to treatment, and are not due to obvious causes, it is necessary to make an appointment with a doctor. In such cases, spasms may sometimes be related to other underlying factors.
In order for the doctor to make a relevant diagnosis regarding the cause of muscle spasms, he/she needs to know the person's medical history and medications, as well as information about:
A person may be exercising, simply sitting, or even sleeping at night when affected by a spasm. Unfortunately, there is no method that can instantly relieve the pain. However, there are five steps that can be taken to try to get rid of the spasm.
Some experts believe that vitamin B12 complex used daily can help with muscle spasms.
In general, muscle spasms do not last very long and are not usually considered an emergency, although they can be very painful. If the pain becomes unbearable or the spasm started after touching a potentially toxic or infectious substance, seek medical attention.
It is difficult to prevent muscle spasms. They are often unpredictable and can occur at any time. There are risk factors that a person cannot avoid, such as their age. However, there are some methods that can help when it comes to overcoming these risk factors and preventing muscle spasms. Some of these methods are:
Muscle spasms may worsen with age and occur more frequently. It may be helpful to know and apply prevention and treatment techniques to increase the chances of managing muscle spasms.
If spasms are unbearably painful, occur frequently, or last for a very long time, it is necessary to see a doctor. If a person additionally has the following symptoms, they should contact a doctor immediately:
If you are concerned that your muscle spasms are a symptom of a serious underlying medical condition, a doctor should be contacted.
When a person sees a doctor about muscle spasms, it is useful to ask him the following questions:
People who have problems with muscle spasms do not have to live with this condition for life. Spasms can be unpredictable, but there are steps that can be taken not only to prevent them but also to soothe them. It may be helpful to contact a doctor and share concerns about this issue. Those who experience muscle spasms should not let it stop them from having a healthy exercise routine or disrupt their sleep.