In this article, you can find answers to questions such as "What is flu?", "How is influenza treated in children?", "What are the symptoms of influenza?", and what you need to know about the flu vaccine, which is frequently seen especially in winter months.
With the arrival of winter, flu cases increase and are common in schools. Influenza (flu) virus is transmitted through droplets (coughing, sneezing) or by touching contaminated surfaces. Therefore, when coughing or sneezing, we should cough into a tissue or elbow. We must contaminate every place we touch with the viruses that infect our hands. The flu usually clears up on its own, but it can make some people seriously ill. It is very important to get a flu vaccine if it is recommended by experts.
Flu symptoms appear very quickly and may include:
Sudden onset of high and persistent fever, sore throat, headache, cough, widespread muscle and joint pain, vomiting and diarrhea may occur in children. Influenza should be considered in young children, especially if persistent fever and malaise are prominent. Influenza virus can cause pneumonia. Another complication due to influenza is muscle inflammation. In this case, the child may feel so much pain that he cannot stand or have difficulty walking, and muscle inflammation is diagnosed with the increase of an enzyme called creatine kinase in the blood.
The main differences between cold and flu (influenza) are:
If you get the flu, there are some things you can do to help you recover faster. These;
Apart from this, specific antiviral drugs, symptomatic treatment for complaints and supportive treatment are recommended in the treatment. Treatment is carried out with antipyretics, rest, drinking plenty of fluids, and consuming foods rich in vitamin C.
In the home environment, rooms should be ventilated frequently and closed environments should be avoided as much as possible.
Many mild bacterial infections get better on their own without antibiotics. Antibiotics do not work for viral infections such as colds and flu. Antibiotics are no longer routinely used to treat some diseases. Doctors' advice should be followed as to whether antibiotics are needed. Antibiotic resistance is a huge problem. Using antibiotics when they are not needed may cause them to stop working in the future when they are actually needed.
If you or your child has flu symptoms and:
In the following cases, the emergency call center must be called!
The flu is highly contagious and can spread easily to other people. You are more likely to transmit the flu to others in the first 5 days. Flu is transmitted by germs spread through coughs and sneezes and can survive on both hands and surfaces for up to 24 hours.
To reduce the risk of contracting the flu:
In case of clinical suspicion, it is recommended to perform a rapid influenza test by taking a nasal swab. While positive results establish a diagnosis, negative results do not definitively exclude the disease.
Flu vaccines are very safe and effective. Vaccines are offered to the public each year to help protect people at risk of flu complications.
The best time to get a flu vaccine is in the fall before the flu starts to spread, but you can also get vaccinated at a later time.
Recommended flu vaccinations for adults include:
It is recommended that people in the risk group defined by the Ministry of Health get the flu vaccine. Flu vaccine should not be given to people who are allergic to eggs or who have previously developed serious allergies to the ingredients contained in the vaccine.