Epilepsy, also popularly known as sara's disease, is a condition characterized by sudden, abnormal, and uncontrolled dec discharges of brain cells. A single seizure is called an epilepsy seizure, and a condition in which seizures persist is called epilepsy disease. According to the function performed by the area of the brain affected by epilepsy, symptoms may occur.
The leading symptoms that appear at the beginning of a seizure related to the functions of the region of the brain that causes seizure activity are called auras.
In the diagnosis of the disease, it is worth to conduct a detailed history of the patient and a complete neurological examination. Epilepsy in the patient's family, whether whether there is a problem during the birth, previous diseases, a history of trauma, the age of disease onset, frequency of seizures and the sign should be questioned in detail.
EEG Examination: It is an easy and painless examination used to determine the electrical activity of the brain and to detect parts of the brain that show abnormal activity. It is one of the indispensable examinations in the diagnosis, follow-up and management of epilepsy.
A structural disorder of the brain (tumor, hemorrhage, vascular occlusion, bubble, etc. MRI and Computed Tomography (CT) examinations are also among the other examinations used.