Arthroscopy is actually a short name for arthroscopic surgery. This procedure is a surgical procedure performed for diagnosis and treatment by inserting a surgical instrument called an arthroscope into the joint cavity through surgical incisions smaller than one centimeter, which are inserted, and watching the images taken with this instrument on a screen. During this surgery, different surgical procedures are performed by inserting special surgical instruments from other incisions.

During all these applications, the joint cavity is constantly washed with saline fluid from the thin pipes inserted into the joint. Because of the surgical treatment of joint diseases, in classic operations, five –ten centimeters of incisions are inserted. When the joint is opened, it takes time for the surgical wound to heal again, and for the joint to return to its own balance before surgery. Surgical incisions made by insertion are important after surgery; it may be necessary to return the joint to the range of motion in the period before surgery to regain fluidity in their movements. In arthroscopic surgery, these problems are less likely, and if they do, they are less severe. Surgical wounds on the joint heal faster.

Complications of infection that may occur after surgery occur to a lesser extent. Because the post-treatment period will last shorter, labor loss is less. The duration of hospital stay is shorter, which reduces the cost. Patients are mobilized more quickly when they are operated with arthroscopic surgery, begin to use their surgical limbs in less time, and regain their function early. Doctors dealing with arthroscopic surgery are mainly dealing with degenerative and traumatic joint diseases, sports injuries. Some of these group diseases can be treated with arthroscopic surgery.

Diseases of the knee joint, shoulder, hip, ankle, wrist joints are joints that are treated with arthroscopic surgery. The main ones of these diseases are meniscus injuries, ligament injuries, degenerative joint diseases with low severity in the early period, free circulating bodies in the joints, diseases of articular cartilage, ligament injuries, inflammatory diseases of the joint membrane. Patients with the above-mentioned diseases in these joints; when they apply to institutions with organized work patterns, they are referred to physicians who are engaged in arthroscopic surgery or consulted. In the same way joint diseases joint surgery patients who need to be treated with arthroscopic surgery corrective surgery with comprehensive open joint replacement surgeons physicians and those who are the Council of advanced degenerative joint disease.

Patients are required to have up-to-date knowledge of diseases that can be treated with this arthroscopic surgery and to entrust themselves to medical institutions that contain Doctors With experienced knowledgeable experience in this regard.

MD. Ahmet Murat AKSAKAL

Orthopedics and Traumatology Specialist