Endoscopy is used to diagnose diseases of the esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, anus area, liver, gallbladder, biliary tract, pancreas and abdominal membrane. Bronchoscopy, gastroscopy, colonoscopy, Recto-sigmoidoscopy, cystoscopy, urodynamic procedures are performed.Bronchoscopibroncoscopy is a type of endoscopy method used to examine the respiratory tract and lungs after the larynx, perform a number of procedures and interventions for diagnosis and treatment. During this procedure, the anatomy of the bronchial tree is examined and many diseases can be diagnosed, especially lung cancer. Bronchoscopes, which are commonly used today, are flexible, and the part that enters the bronchial tree of the patient in these devices is quite thin, which does not cause much discomfort in the patient. With the lens located at the end of the device, the image taken from the airlines is monitored from the monitor. During the procedure, a biopsy can be taken from the bronchial mucosa, material can be obtained by brushing, or the presence of bacteria or tumor cells can be examined in this fluid obtained by giving saline solution to the bronchial tree and withdrawing it. Bronchoscopy is performed for two main reasons: 1. For diagnostic purposes: for a variety of reasons taken chest X-ray or CT scans abnormal findings are detected on if lasting more than 2 weeks, and hoarseness of vocal cords that have not been directly considered in the presence of a disease, the cause is unexplained and prolonged in the presence of cough, a cough, coughing up blood or bloody mucus along with in case of a foreign body in the trachea is performed on patients who took it.2. For treatment purposes: in order to clean them in the presence of excessive secretion (excretion) in the bronchi, in order to remove foreign bodies in the airways, in order to remove the tumor from the windpipe or main bronchi with laser, argon plasma cautery, electrocoter, cryocoter, in order to apply stents for the treatment of strictures of the windpipe and main bronchi for various reasons, therapeutic bronchoscopy is performed.Gastroscopius of the digestive system, i.e. the esophagus, examination of the stomach and duodenum is called the process. This procedure is done with the endoscopy instrument. This tool is a soft, plastic tool, the thickness of your pinky finger, cable-shaped tool, a camera system that transfers the image on the roads it passes through to the television screen.
When is gastroscopy necessary?
Problems with swallowing: painful swallowing, difficulty swallowing solid or liquid food, landing by attaching nutrients, etc., Heartburn and burns that do not go away with medical treatment, abdominal pain: gnawing or constant pain in the middle upper abdomen, when hungry or a few hours after eating, blood coming in red or coffee grounds with vomiting, vomiting along with abdominal pain, Gastroscopy is required if there is an abnormality in the barium stomach film.
How to prepare for gastroscopic examination?
For this examination, it is enough to stay hungry for up to 6-8 hours, during which you can drink water or open tea. If you have rheumatic heart valve disease in advance, you should have 2 separate antibiotic injections 2 hours before and 8 hours after the procedure. If you have diseases related to congenital bleeding, or if you have other diseases, it is useful to tell your doctor before the procedure.
How about gastroscopy?
Before starting the procedure, a spray that stops nausea and vomiting is squeezed into your throat. This spray is a spray that has a similar effect to the needle used by dentists, and the duration of action is up to 15 minutes.In addition, if you do not mind medical care, very stressed patients are given a relaxing drug through a vein and the endoscopy process begins after the patient is relieved. This procedure is not a surgical procedure. For this reason, narcosis and complete sleep are not required.Colonoscopy-Recto-sigmoidoscopy is a method of displaying the entire large intestine and small intestine adjacent to the large intestine by entering the anus with a thin and bendable tube with a camera at the end. Sigmoidoscopy is the name given to the examination of the part of the large intestine near the anus. Before the procedure, the intestines should be cleaned with a laxative. It is the most reliable method for diagnosing colon (colon) cancer. Also; it protects patients from cancer by detecting and removing polyps and similar precancerous lesions.It is recommended to be done to anyone over the age of 50 to protect against colon cancer. Those with colon cancer in close relatives should have a colonoscopy 10 years before the age of the youngest cancer patient in the family. The vast majority of colon cancers develop on benign tumors called polyps. Colonoscopy, performed at the appropriate time, allows you to find and remove polyps at the stage before the cancer develops. Those who have polyps removed from the colon should have follow-up colonoscopies every 1 to 3 years, according to the property of the polyp. Colonoscopy is also used in the diagnosis and follow-up of non-cancerous colon diseases such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease. Colonoscopy can save patients from surgery by providing diagnosis and treatment of colon bleeding.Cystoscopy
What is cystoscopy?
Cystoscopy is a procedure that allows you to enter the end of the urinary canal and evaluate the urinary pipe and bladder by eye, diagnose the disease, and perform some treatments.
In what cases is cystoscopy applied?
Lower urinary tract strictures, good and malignant tumors,
Prostate size, tumors,
Bladder stones, tumors,
In case of urinary incontinence, it is applied for the purpose of diagnosis and treatment.
Urodynamiurodynamia is the process of studying the functions of the bladder (bladder). It is applied to people who have problems with urinary incontinence and making. It gives detailed information about bladder capacity, pressure and extensibility. It is done to fully understand your disease and regulate your treatment. Urodynamy is a painless measurement. It can be applied to all ages, including newborn babies. It does not require preparation prior to the procedure.
Who should be given a urodynamic test?
Inability to make it to the toilet,
Easy inability to urinate,
A urodynamic test should be performed for those who have complaints such as not feeling their urine at all.